These are our best lenses for the latest Nikon D3400, an affordable entry level DSLR. Maybe you already bought it and are looking for the next lens to upgrade to, or are about to buy the Nikon D3400 but just want to see all of our recommended options. In any case, we explain everything you need to know before buying a lens.
If you’re new to DSLR photography you may be thinking that the image quality mostly depends on your camera, but that’s far from the truth. Your skills and the lens you use affect the overall look way more.
With over 60+ Nikon lenses to choose from, and that includes wideangle, macro, telephoto lenses and much more, you have so much freedom and different choices it’s easy to get lost if you don’t know what you should pay attention to. There are also third-party companies such as Sigma and Tamron that make awesome lenses!
Our goal is to help you find the best lenses for the D3400 and answer any question you may have.
Types of Lenses:
- Wideangle – Useful for capturing a lot in your scene (usually from 8 to 35mm)
- Standard – Where most photography happens (from 35 to 85mm)
- Telephoto – For subjects far away (85 to 600mm, only a few lenses that go higher)
- Macro – 1:1 ratio that magnifies your subject to real life size (usually from 60 to 180mm)
Wideangle lenses are often used for nature, landscape and indoor photography.
A standard lens is the most similar to how we see the world, and is perfect for most types of photography. Our favorite pick is the Nikon 35mm f/1.8G and if you’re looking for sharpness and good image quality, plus being able to shoot at night, you’ll love it.
Telephoto lenses are longer and often heavier because they need to make your subject appear much closer than it actually is. Sometimes moving closer does the job, but there are occasions where you need a telephoto lens; you can’t just hop on a basketball court for a few seconds to take a few pictures, let alone outside in nature with dangerous animals. An affordable and lightweight option is the Nikon 55-250mm f/4-5.6.
The last on our list are macro lenses. They act like a magnifying glass and make your subject appear as big as it is in real life (known as 1:1 magnification ratio). They’re perfect for details, bugs and product photography, especially smaller items. Nikon recently announced the Nikon 40mm f/2.8G Micro and you’ll find it on all of our lens guides.
- Zoom lenses – Focal length can be changed
- Prime lenses – Same focal length
Simply put, a zoom lens allows you to get closer to your subject by rotating the zoom ring (like a 55-300mm that goes from 55mm, everything between, and 300mm).
A prime lens on the other hand is always at the same focal length (for example, 50mm). Quality is usually better and the maximum aperture can be bigger without making the lens huge in size.
List of lenses we recommend for the Nikon D3400:
We cover these lenses in depth below, but in case you’re looking for full specifications and reviews, here’s an organized list. Prime and zoom lenses, from widest to longest.
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The Nikon D3400 accepts both DX and FX lenses. However, it doesn’t have an AF motor built-in so you need to make sure the lens you’re thinking of buying has DX in its name. It’s quite hard to find a lens without a motor in this age, but it doesn’t hurt to know. We made sure all lenses on this list have one built-in so there’s no need to worry.
How to tell if a lens fits the D3400?
Nikon -> If there’s “DX” in the name, it’s good
Sigma -> “DC” stands for crop cameras, which the D3400 is.
Tokina -> Also uses “DX” in their names
Tamron -> “Di-II” made for only crop cameras, “Di” works on all Nikon DSLRs
You can also ask us directly if you’re still confused after reading this lens guide.
Best Lenses for Portraits, Weddings, Low Light and General Photography
For best image quality, sharpness and low light performance, prime lenses are by far the best choice. They have less elements than zoom lenses, which allows the optical quality to be better, and this also results in lighter and more compact designs.
There’s also the large aperture that lets in a ton of light so you can shoot at night, and it also makes your background really blurry, giving you that professional look.
1. Nikon 35mm f/1.8G AF-S DX
The Nikon 35mm f/1.8G is the most affordable Nikon prime lens, offers superb image quality and fast auto focus. If you’re looking to buy your first lens after the kit 18-55mm, you’ll be amazed by the quality as prime lenses are top notch!
Plus, aperture f/1.8 will make your portrait shots look more professional due to the shallow depth of field and lovely bokeh. Colors and sharpness are also really good for a lens this price. It’s a perfect choice for a whole lot of different styles, from night time, portraits, kids and pets running, nature to traveling and wedding photography.
2. Nikon 50mm f/1.8G AF-S
Before the announcement of the lens above, the Nikon 50mm f/1.8G was our favorite prime for both newcomers to photography and more advanced users looking for quality in a lightweight lens.
If you often find yourself using the 18-55mm lens more or less near 50mm, this lens was made for you. Not only is quality years ahead of the kit zoom, it also focuses faster and lets you go all the way to f/1.8! Their prices are almost identical, yet we recommend you to go with the 50mm if you prefer a little bit tighter shots (15mm difference between the two lenses).
3. Nikon 85mm f/1.8G AF-S
We’ll keep it simple. If you’re into wedding, concert, portrait or night time photography, check out the Nikon 85mm f/1.8G AF-S and you’ll never look back.
Why? It’s the focal length, there’s just something magical about 85mm for shots of people. Then there’s the awesome bokeh with fast f/1.8 aperture and sharp results. It’s more expensive but definitely worth it if you’re looking for that one lens to take your shots to the next level. Because it’s noticeably longer, it’s not as good for street, indoor and walk-around purposes, but is ideal if you can’t always be close to your subject.
Best Lenses for Wildlife, Sports, Birds and Action Photography
Nikon offers quite a few telephoto lenses for DX users and we really like their Nikon 55-200mm f/4-5.6G because it’s cheap and gets the job done. For less than $150, it even comes with Vibration Reduction, an ED element for improved sharpness and focuses normally on the D3400.
Because telephoto lenses tend to be a bit heavier and also get you close to the subject, you’ll want to make sure you get one with Vibration Reduction. Basically, if you’re not totally stable the lens compensates for slight movements and makes the shot less blurry, but this won’t help if your main subject is moving fast, only a faster shutter speed will.
Cheaper telephoto lenses also don’t have large apertures and are usually between f/4 and f/5.6. This is not good for indoor action so remember to raise the ISO up to 1,600 – 3,200 to get acceptable shots, mainly for viewing on an computer monitor.
1. Nikon 55-200mm f/4-5.6G ED VR II DX
The lens is so affordable you can even get it as a gift! The Nikon 55-200mm f/4-5.6G goes for $150, features VR and has a minimum focus distance of 3.7 feet.
Its Vibration Reduction system helps you up to 4 stops, which can mean a difference between 1/250 and 1/15 in extreme cases. VR also makes your videos look less shaky which you’ll want if you record Full HD videos with the D3400. In short, the 55-200mm is perfect if you want to start wildlife and sports on a tight budget.
2. Nikon 55-300mm f/4.5-5.6G ED VR DX
More money more problems. Well, not in this case. The Nikon 55-300mm f/4.5-5.6G does cost more, but offers better image quality, colors and contrast, and 100mm more zoom.
Bokeh also looks better due to 9 diaphragm blades compared to “just” 7 on the 200mm above, and it also focuses quicker and more silent. However, both lenses will often hunt in low light so be ready to do a bit of manual focusing from time to time. Outdoors, this is rarely an issue. Build quality has also been improved and feels a lot less cheap/plastic, but in return the lens weighs more.
Best Lenses for Landscape, Wideangle, Architecture and Indoor Photography
The D3400 is a DX camera (1.5x crop factor) which means that any lens you put on acts as if it was 1.5x longer than it actually is (even FX lenses do that). This happens because the sensor is 1.5x smaller than full frame and is a standard for all DSLR cameras under $1,500. You can read more about the crop factor here.
How does this affect you? Well, telephoto photography is awesome with the 1.5x factor because you can get closer without buying more expensive lenses, but for wideangle this isn’t good because extreme wide angles become… not so extreme. You can try Nikon’s lens simulator to see the difference.
To counter the crop factor, Nikon and third-party companies make super wide lenses with the 1.5x in mind, so when you put them on they’re still wide enough for whatever it is that you require. They’re also cheaper and lighter than comparable FX lenses. The Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 is our favorite affordable wideangle lens, because it’s still wide when mounted on the D3400 (11-16mm acts as if it’s a 16.5-24mm lens, just multiply the numbers by 1.5x). It’s also the only one we recommend because it offers the most for the money.
1. Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 Pro DX II
It looks cool, it feels solid, it’s got an f/2.8 aperture and most importantly, gives good results for wideangle photography. The Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 Pro DX II is a popular choice, mostly for Nikon because their wide zoom is more expensive and slower. No issues with auto focusing or anything since it uses an AF-S motor.
Not only is the lens good for nature, real estate and indoor photography, the f/2.8 also allows you to use it for long exposure photography at night. It features two aspheric and two low-dispersion elements to reduce the amount of ghosting and flare, a common issue with wider lenses.
Best Lenses for Traveling, Walkaround, Zoom and Everyday Photography
While there’s so many lenses to choose from, you might prefer owning just one that covers it all, from wide to telephoto. This usually means bigger and heavier lenses, but is usually still better than carrying around at least 3 lenses and switching between them. When traveling, you might not always have the time, and you can also risk getting your gear wet/dusty.
But there’s one drawback; the quality of do it all zoom lenses is not as good as primes. We’re not saying they suck or anything, but their apertures are nowhere near as big and quality differences can be seen when viewing bigger prints. A zoom lens needs to have so many different elements inside, even for moving, that you can’t expect to get the highest quality.
However, we found a lens that simply tops every other Nikon all-around lens! That’s the Sigma 18-300mm f/3.5-6.3 DC OS HSM. Check out the ePhotozine review that also for more detailed charts, but to give it to you short, the lens is worth every dollar.
1. Sigma 18-300mm f/3.5-6.3 DC OS HSM
Continuing from above, the Sigma 18-300mm f/3.5-5.6 DC OS HSM is the perfect travel lens. Take it out for walks, or use it as your only lens when travelling all over the US, it’s fit for all.
It does get softer at 300mm as expected, but stopping down to ~f/8 greatly improves sharpness. Unfortunately this means it’s not good indoors at ~300mm because you have to shoot with really long shutter speeds. This can be “fixed” by enabling the Optical Stabilization or using a higher ISO speed, but yeah….noise and all, you know. If only life was that easy. We used to really like Nikon’s 18-140mm lens, but for the same price you don’t nearly get as much value.
2. Sigma 30mm f/1.4 Art DC HSM
A walk around lens doesn’t always equal a long zoom. Sometimes, all you need is a small, fast prime with excellent optics. The Sigma 30mm f/1.4 has a field of view equivalent to 50mm on the D3400, which is an excellent length for day to day stuff, traveling and taking pictures when it gets dark.
Yes, you can’t zoom but in return you get amazing quality, better bokeh, a large f/1.4 aperture and tack sharp shots. Having a fixed lens also forces you to be more creative and you sort of already know what to expect, even before taking a shot. You start moving better, you think more, you take better pictures.Not to mention, you stand out less with a prime lens compared to a superzoom.
Best Lenses for Macro, Product and Bugs Photography
If you want to look at the world from another perspective, there’s no better way than to use a macro lens. Their glass magnifies the subject so it’s just as big as it is in real life (1:1). If you ever see a lens with ‘macro’ in its name, check the magnification ratio first, if it’s under 1 then it’s not a true macro.
When buying a macro lens, there’s one thing you never have to worry about and that’s sharpness. We couldn’t find a single lens that would be bad here and that includes a ton of third-party options as well.
For bugs and live creatures, longer focal lengths are preferred so you don’t scare them away.
1. Nikon 40mm f/2.8G DX Micro
This macro lens is perfect if you’re not too serious about macro photography, but just want to shoot from time to time. That’s not to say you can’t use the Nikon 40mm f/2.8G Micro as your only lens of course, but it’s the price that makes is such a good deal.
For a macro lens, its focal length isn’t too long, which makes it better for product photography or even as a casual choice for outdoor activities. Forget the term macro and don’t the numbers limit your creativity.
Lens Prices and Mount Compatibility
|Sigma 30mm f/1.4 Art DC HSM||Amazon||DX||2013|
|Nikon 35mm f/1.8G AF-S DX||Amazon||DX||2001|
|Nikon 40mm f/2.8G DX Micro||Amazon||DX||2011|
|Nikon 50mm f/1.8G AF-S||Amazon||DX+FX||2011|
|Nikon 85mm f/1.8G AF-S||Amazon||DX+FX||2012|
|Tokina 11-16mm f/2.8 Pro DX II||Amazon||DX||2012|
|Sigma 18-300mm f/3.5-6.3 DC OS HSM||Amazon||DX||2014|
|Nikon 55-200mm f/4-5.6G DX ED VR||Amazon||DX||2010|
|Nikon 55-300mm f/4.5-5.6G DX ED VR||Amazon||DX||2015|
The Nikon D3400 works perfectly with both FX and DX lenses, we simply give you this information if you ever decide to upgrade and want to see whether the lenses will work on an FX body.
Which lens to buy first?
We like keeping things simple, so if you’re unsure what lens to buy first it all comes down to whether your current gear allows you to take pictures like you want.
These are the 4 most important factors to consider before buying a new lens:
- Better quality
- Better low light performance
- Wider or longer focal length
If you own the 18-55mm kit lens, there’s no reason to buy something new with just a little bit more zoom range and same aperture sizes. However, if you’re looking for a drastic change in how much light you receive, the image quality and the background blur you can get, buying the Nikon 35mm f/1.8G AF-S is your best option.
You should get a lens when you want better performance at what you’re already shooting (sharpness, length, zoom, aperture etc.), or to start taking pictures that excite you but are hard to get with current equipment.
Don’t have the Nikon D3400 Yet?
The D3400 costs the same as the D3300 now, so you can get the Nikon D3400 + 18-55mm here.